a. h. mackmurdo's chair and the celebrated title page to (Mackmurdo's Wren's City Churches, 1883). observe plant forms stylized into flamelike, undulating rythms that compress the negative space between them. this established a positive and negative interplay between blak ink and white paper. good things come in small bottles: mackmurdo's foliage is the first art nouveau design.
mackmurdo's house in london