Alexander Liberman (1912-1999) was a Russian-American publisher, painter, and sculptor. Born in Kiev, he was educated in Paris, where he began his publishing career with the early pictorial magazine Vu. After emigrating to New York in 1941, he began working for Conde Nast Publications, rising to the position of Editorial Director, which he held from 1962-1994. Liberman used photographers such as Irving Penn, Cecil Beaton and Lee Miller, contributing to a new look at Vogue. Later he was appointed editorial director to all Conde Nast publications until his retirement.