Alex Liberman, Vogue cover, 1950
Dear class, this is what we have so far: BAUHAUS contribution and the New York School of the 1950s-1960s (immediately following the WWII).
These emigres come from the diverse avant-garde traditions in Europe, which is to say, in terms of graphic design, dada poster, new typography, Bauhaus ideals, etc. Let's divide this group of star designers:
A. M. Cassandre: comes from Surrealism and Cubism and contributes to the Art Deco style, 1930s-1950s.
Alex Brodovitch: comes from Surrealism and Art Deco, to contribute to the New York School with his cosmopolitan style of female elegance, 1950s-1960s. Brodovitch is the BAZAAR side of the New York School (scroll down the link to see Bazaar covers by Brodovitch).
Joseph Binder: comes from Art Deco Plakatstil and Surrealism, his contribution in the US is the industry design (train, plane, ship).
Piet Zwart: comes from Constructivism, New Typography and De Stijl (Netherlands), his contributions is typotechture (typeface + architecture), i.e., strong diagonals, primary colors, use of scale, varying typefaces, and careful asymmetry.
Alex Liberman: comes from Cubo-Futurism, Surrealism and and theater design, Liberman is the VOGUE side of the New York School. In addition he was an accomplished sculptor.
(click on the links, these are good informative sites).
on a different note: my arts&crafts-revival manifesto for design.