Tuesday, February 17, 2009

List of Images for Midterm, Fall 2016

1- Bible -- Gutenberg (1450-55): Superb typographic legibility and texture, generous margins, excellent press-work.

2- The Nuremberg Chronicle -- One of the best documented early printed books (and, being printed in 1493, an incunabulum).

3- Aldus Manutius’
Hypnerotomachia Poliphili (Venice, 1499) -- Considered the first "modern book", composed of Roman characters (and Greek), illustrated in black and white. Hypnerotomachia is considered by some as one of the most beautiful books ever published.

4- Champfleury (1529) -- Geoffry Tory: A set of borders component, filled with animal motifs, combined and recombined through the book. The open line quality facilitates the application of color by hand.

5- Euclid’s Elements of Geometry (1482) -- Erhardt Ratdolt: A dazzling white-on-black design brackets the text, and incredibly fine line diagrams in the wide margin visually define Euclid’s terms.
6- Hans Holbein’s Imagines Morti (The Dance of Death, 1538). 

7- Biblia Polyglotta (1569-1572) – Cristophe Plantin: The polyglot Bible (double page format, with two vertical columns over a wide horizontal column, contained the Hebrew, Aramaic, Latin, Greek and Syriac translations of the Bible) was a prestige project. It was produced in a tempo that seems incredible today. The typesetting began in 1569 and the edition was completed in 1572.

8- Fra Mauro's World Map (1450)-- This map by Venetian monk Fra Mauro is one of the greatest memorials of medieval cartography.

9- Giambattista Bodoni’s Epithalamia Exoticis Linguis Reddita, (1775). Bodoni was an admirer of the types of John Baskerville. He evolved a style of type called '"New Face," in which the letters are cut in such a way as to produce a strong contrast between the thick and thin parts of their body.
10- William Caslon, A Specimen of Printing Types (1785). The distinction and legibility of his type secured him the patronage of the leading printers of the day in England and on the continent

11- Pencil of Nature (1844) – William Henry Fox Talbot: The first book to be illustrated entirely with photographs had original prints mounted onto the printed page.

12- Paul Nadar, Portrait of Sarah Bernhardt (mid 1800's).

13- Owen Jones’ The Grammar of Ornament, (1856) -- Jones expanded his propositions to create 37 “general principles in the arrangement of form and colour in architecture and the decorative arts” which became the preface to the 20 chapters of The Grammar of Ornament.

14- Krebs Lithographing Co.: Tobacco ad and a poster for Cincinnati's 9th Exposition of Art and Industry (1881).

15- Walter Crane’s Railroad Alphabet, 1865 -- Book Illustrator, textile, card and calendar designer. Apprenticed to a London wood engraving firm, subsequently forming a successful partnership with the printer, Edmund Evans. Shared William Morris's artistic and political beliefs.

16- Charles Dana Gibson’ Have a Book in case you are Bored (1912) -- Charles Dana Gibson (September 14, 1867–December 23, 1944) was an American graphic artist, noted for his creation of the "Gibson Girl", an iconic representation of the beautiful and independent American woman at the turn of the 20th Century.

17- Howard Pyle's Marooned Pirate (1887). One of the best American illustrators of the 19th century. He illustrated primarily books for young people. 

18- Ford Madox Brown's Work (1852-1965) took over twelve years to produce, and despite the fact that he was never considered a true member of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, it made an important contribution to the movement. Brown created a social realist painting utilizing a composition crowded with figures that represented the different classes of workers in Victorian society in different acts of labor.

19- A.H. Mackmurdo's Chair (1880's). Mackmurdo was a progressive English architect and designer, who influenced the Arts and Crafts Movement, notably through the Century Guild of Artists, which he set up in partnership with Selwyn Image in 1882. He was educated at Felsted School.

20- Jan van Krimpen's pages from Deirdre and the Sons of Usnach, by Roland Holst, Paladiun Series, 1920 -- Jan van Krimpen (Gouda, Feb 12, 1892 – Haarlem, Oct 20, 1958) was a Dutch typographer and type designer. 

21- Saturday evening Post: Illustration of Otto von Bismarck by George Gibbs -- The Saturday Evening Post launched onto the American scene in 1821 as a four-page newspaper and eventually became the most widely circulated weekly magazine in the world. The magazine gained prominent status under the leadership of its longtime editor George Horace Lorimer (1899-1937).

22- John Everett Millais' Christ in the House of His Parents (1850) -- Millais' Christ In The House Of His Parents (1850) was highly controversial because of its realistic portrayal of a working class Holy Family labouring in a messy carpentry workshop. Later works were also controversial, though less so. Millais achieved popular success with A Huguenot (1852), which depicts a young couple about to be separated because of religious conflicts. He repeated this theme in many later works.

23- The American River Ganges (1871, for Harper’s Weekly) – Thomas Nast: He drew his images directly on the woodblock in reverse for the craftsman to cut. His deep social and political concerns led him to strip away detail and introduce symbols and labels to communicate effectiveness.

24- The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer (1896) – William Morris: A system of types, initials, borders, and illustrations were combined to create the dazzling Kelmscott style.

25- Ishtar’s Descent to the Nether World (1903) – Lucien and Esther Pissarro: Image color, and ornament combine to generate an intense expressionistic energy.

26- Le Pays des Fées Universal Exposition (1889) -- Poster art by Jules Chéret (1836-1932).

27- Eugene Grasset, Three women and Three Wolves (1890's)

28- The Eyes of Eros – Aubrey Beardsley (1895), Art Nouveau, Aestheticism: The image shows Beardsley's ability to compose emotional contour line, textured areas and black and red shapes into powerful compositions.

29- Gismonda (1894) – Alphonse Mucha: The life size figure, mosaic patterns, and elongated shape created an overnight sensation.

30- Poster for Tropon Food Concentrate (1899) -- Henry van de Velde: This swirling configuration may have been inspired by the separation of egg yolks from egg whites.

31- Psyche (1898) -- Jan Toorop. A symbolic, tragic and erotic fairy tale. As depicted on the binding, Chimera eventually became reality and in Psyche's death carried her through the wind and stars to the land of her dreams.

32- The Chap Book (1895). Will Bradley's poster. The repetition of a figure in smaller size, overlapping the larger figure enabled Bradley to create a complex set of visual relationships.
33- Poster for Campari (1901). Marcello Dudovich. The message is unambiguous as Dudovich equates sensual pleasure with that derived from Bitter Campari.

34- Rajah Coffee Poster (1899). Privat Livemont. The steam from the coffe pot and the product name are intertwined in a fascinating interplay of forms.

35- Beggarstaff, Corn Flour Kassama. Lithograph from "Les Maitre de L'Affiches" series. Paris, 1900. The Beggarstaffs used a stylised simplification of shape, and a handling of perspective and picture space which had had no precedent in British art. 

36- Peter Behrens, The Kiss, (circa 1900). A six color woodcut controversial for its androgynous imagery, Behrens' piece was first reproduced in Pan Magazine.

37- Frantisec Kupka, Defiance, Black Idol, 1900-1903. Kupka illustrated books and posters and, during his early years in Paris, became known for his satirical drawings for newspapers and magazines.

38- Josef Hoffman's Stoclet Palace. In 1904, Adolphe Stoclet and his wife Suzanne commissioned Austrian architect and designer Joseph Hoffman to build and fully furnish a house and garden. Hoffman conceived a total architectural integration of architecture, art, and craft, which makes the building an example of Gesamtkunstwerk, one of the defining characteristics of Jugendstil.

39- Victor Horta's Museum, in Horta's former house and atelier, in Brussels, 1898. For many Horta is the key European Nouveau architect.

40-  Jan Delville, The Treasures of Satan, 1895.

41- Rudolph Koch (1876-1934), Neuland, one of Koch's best known typefaces.

42- Selywn Image's The Century Guild Hobby Horse, 1886.

43- Gustav Doré's The Divine Comedy, 1867. A pritnmaker, painter and sculptor, Doré was one of the most important illustrators of the 19th century.

44- Margaret MacDonald's The White Cockade Tea Room Menu, 1911.

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